St. Peter’s Basilica is a majestic architectural marvel dedicated to the sacred popes and saints of Christianity in the Vatican city. Magnificently designed by the maestro Michelangelo who took inspiration from the Pantheon, St. Peter’s Basilica Dome is a part of the largest church in the world that attracts many tourists to visit the Basilica. It is built over the tomb of St. Peter was one of Jesus's disciples and a central figure in Christianity. He was executed by the emperor Nero in his attempt to banish Christian from the city.
As fascinating the exterior of the dome is, it pales in comparison to the astonishing pieces of art inside. The church is adorned with vibrant mosaics and ornaments which add to the beauty of the church. The church is also the tallest church which might not be apparent to the visitors from the street level. The church has been designed so accurately in proportions with the whole that from the bottom it may appear to be evenly created. But as you start to climb up the stairs and look down, you are able to actually understand how tall the church is.
There are many relics and art pieces in the church that make it a significant visit for tourists. The St. Peter’s Basilica Dome has the contribution of many great artists, mostly Michelangelo, that have brought it to life. In addition to the church beauty, the top of the St. Peter’s Basilica dome can be reached by two routes in the church, that takes the visitor to a breathtaking view of the Vatican city
The dome being a magnificent part of the church has many messages from the Christian scriptures built in it. The dome is situated above the tomb of the great St. Peter at a height of 400 feet from the floor. There is much elaborated and significant work done on the walls of the church and the dome specifically. There are many relics and art pieces in the church that make it a significant visit for tourists. The St. Peter’s Basilica Dome has the contribution of many great artists, mostly Michelangelo, that have brought it to life. In addition to the church beauty, the top of the St. Peter’s Basilica dome can be reached by two routes in the church, that takes the visitor to a breathtaking view of the Vatican city
As you look up to appreciate the beauty of the dome, you will find an inscription featuring the words of Christ to Peter, as recorded in Mathew 16:18: "Tu es Petrus et super hanc petram aedificabo ecclesiam meam et tibi dabo claves regni caelorum" ("You are 'Rock' and on this rock, I will build my Church, and to you, I will give the keys of the Kingdom of heaven."). To enhance the importance of the letters, there are many large windows in the St. Peter’s Basilica Dome design that illuminate the art and the prophetic message of God.
Above this, the dome is divided into sixteen ribs decorated by 96 figures, followed by a star-spangled night sky, on top of which is the lantern. At its base, you will find a Latin inscription that translates to: "To the glory of St. Peter, Pope Sixtus V in the year 1590, and the fifth of his pontificate". The 18 m long lantern comes to end with the painting of God.
It takes an hour to climb to the top of the dome to view the city from there.
The St. Peter’s Basilica Dome history makes it unique. It is the largest church. The architecture was designed by many among which is the extraordinary master Michelangelo.
There are at least 551 steps in order to get to the top of the Dome (or 320 if you take the elevator to the interior balcony). The steps are narrow as you go up. There is a part where the travelers are to hold a rope and bend to get up. The architecture of the place is such that the steps have to be narrow but it is a fun experience. After that, you get to have the view of St. Peter’s Square, the Vatican Gardens and the city of Rome.
The dome specifically was the work of the maestro Michelangelo.
The St. Peter's Basilica Dome is open during the following hours:
April to September: 7:30 AM to 5 PM October to March: 7:30 AM to 5 PM
The Basilica faces east, which means that you would get a clear view of the sun rising from here. Opt to climb the cupola during the morning hours. This will allow you to cut down your wait time and avoid crowds.